Sewing Needles
Newsletter02
Evolution-of-a-Singer-Needle


Needles of exactly the proper shape and of the very best quality are absolutely essential to good work with a sewing machine.  If you still have original unused Singer brand needles in the little paper or plastic packages (typically made in the U.S.A. or Germany) - as long as they are not rusted or bent from age, they are of the finest quality and you can use them with confidence.  Newer Singer needles (made in Singapore, Brazil or the likes thereof), however, are not made to the same superior quality that they once were, which is why we use and recommend the Schmetz brand of needles for today’s modern sewist.  The quality of Schmetz is comparably equivalent to the original Singer needles.

Below, you will find information that was taken from an old Singer Machine Sewing Teacher’s Textbook with updates for today’s sewing.  Much of the information is still current and useful.
A perfect stitch can be obtained only when the thread is selected to suit the fabric which is to be stitched and the needle is the correct size for the thread.  If the needle is too fine for the thread and the material to be sewn, it is quite likely to break when crossing a seam.  If a large needle is used on fine material, the perforations made by the needle will show on the finished work.  A table of correct needles for the various sizes of silk and cotton is given in the table below, but may also be found in the instruction manual for each original Singer machine.  This table should be carefully followed when ordering needles and when changing them for various classes of work.

Chart Showing the Relationship of Types of Fabrics,
Thread and Needle Sizes and Machine Stitches to the Inch

Types of Fabric

Thread Sizes

Sewing Machine Needle Sizes

Machine
Stitches
Per Inch

Hand Needle Sizes

Filmy materials comparable to Net, Marquiesette, Organdy, Ninon

100 Cotton
OO &  OOO
Silk

9-10

Inside Seams

20

Top Stitching

30

10

Sheer materials comparable to Lawn, Dimity, Voile, Batiste, Chiffon, Rayon Sheer, Rayon Crepe

80 to 100
Cotton
O Silk

10-11

16

20

9

Lightweight fabrics comparable to Gingham, Chambray, Sheer Wool Crepe, Taffeta

60 to 80
Cotton
A and B Silk

12-14

12

18

8

Medium lightweight materials comparable to Poplin, Pique, Percale, Cretonne, Chintz, Faille Wool Flannel, Bengaline, Wool Crepe, Wool Jersey, Linen

50 to 70
Cotton
B Silk

12-14

12

16

7 or 8

Medium heavy materials comparable to Crash, Gabardine, Rep, Corduroy, Velveteen, Linen

40 to 50
Cotton
C Silk

14-16

10

12

6

Heavy materials comparable to Sailcloth, Denim, Ticking

30 to 40 Cotton
24 to 30 Cotton
D Silk

16, 18*
19*
18 or 19

8

10

4 or 5

Very heavy materials comparable to overcoating

40 to 60 Linen
20 to 24 Cotton
E Silk

18-21

6

8

3

Plastic Materials

Mercerized
Cotton

11-12

10

12

None

* Largest size needle that can be used in the Singer Featherweight 221, 222 & 301 Machines

Schmetz Universal Needles - 5 pack 80/12
Schmetz Universal Needles
5-Pack Size 80 / 12

$3.95
Free USA Shipping

Schmetz Universal Needles - 10-pack Sizes 10-14Schmetz Universal Needles
Multi-Pack of 10, Size 10, 12, 14

$6.95
Free USA Shipping

Schmetz Universal Needles - 5-pack of Size 75/11
Schmetz Universal Needles
5-Pack Size 75 / 11

$4.95
Free USA Shipping

Schmetz Stretch Needles - 5-pack of Size 75/11
Schmetz Stretch Needles
5-Pack Size 75 / 11

$7.95
Free USA Shipping

Schmetz Embroidery Needles - Multi-Pack of 5 Sizes 11 & 14
Schmetz Embroidery Needles
Universal - 5-Pack Sizes 11 & 14

$6.95
Free USA Shipping

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